The Introduction of the Special Issue

Seawater desalinationand water treatment are  becoming a crucial intervention for mitigating water shortage in numerous Middle East countries. Desalination technology is associated with Nemours technological challenges that should be resolved to maintain plant sustainability and performance. For instance, seawater hardness is recognized as a challenge for recent large scale desalination plants. Numerous technologies including chemical treatment, adsorption and membrane filtration are some of the options for hardness removal and recovery of Ca++ and Mg++. Hence, the development and application of a different techniques should be studied deeply.


The Research Scope of the Special Issue

· Water

· Wast water desalination

· polymers

· membrane

· adsorption


The Article Title of the Special Issue

1: water desalination

2: water reuse

3: Seawater & wastewater treatment

4: Polymers for water treatment

5: water and Environment

6: polymers and the environment water problem

7: new techniques for water treatment


Submission guidelines

All papers should be submitted via the Probe - Botany submission system:

Submitted articles should not be published or under review elsewhere. All submissions will be subject to the journal’s standard peer review process. Criteria for acceptance include originality, contribution, scientific merit and relevance to the field of interest of the Special Issue.


Important Dates

Paper Submission Due: January 20 ,2020


The Lead Guest Editor

Marwa M. El-Sayed